Sir Graham Balfour School

A member of the Sir Graham Balfour Multi-Academy Trust

Physical Education

Subject overview

 Physical education at Sir Graham Balfour School aims to inspire all students to succeed in competitive sport and all physical activities. It provides opportunities for all to take part in a range of different sports that will build resilience, embed sportsmanship, develop communication skills, enhance team work skills and ensure students develop a love for sport and physical activity that promotes lifelong learning and enjoyment.  Throughout the lessons students will use a range of tactics and strategies to overcome opponents in competitive situations, develop techniques to improve performance, understand the importance of fitness and the effect it has on the human body, clearly linking this to leading a healthy lifestyle. Students will also be given the opportunity to take part in extracurricular activities. Alongside the practical element of the subject, students will also learn important theory elements that will promote healthy lifestyles, for example, learning about what makes a healthy diet and how the human body works.  All students will study core PE in key stage 3 and 4 with the options of taking GCSE PE and A level PE.  GCSE PE and A level PE develops theoretical knowledge and understanding of the factors that underpin physical activity and sport and use this knowledge to improve performance. Students will understand how physiological and psychological states affect performance, have the opportunity to develop their ability to analyse and evaluate to improve performance and understand the contribution which physical activity makes to health and fitness.

A-Level

Exam Specification – AQA Physical Education

Factors affecting participation in physical activity and sport

Applied anatomy and physiology

 Students should develop knowledge and understanding of the changes within the body systems prior to exercise, during exercise of differing intensities and during recovery. Students should be able to interpret data and graphs relating to changes within the musculoskeletal, cardio-respiratory and neuro-muscular systems and the use of energy systems during different types of physical activity and sport, and the recovery process.

Skill acquisition

This section focuses on how skill is acquired and the impact of psychological factors on performance. Students should develop knowledge and understanding of the principles required to optimise learning of new, and the development of existing, skills in a range of physical activities. Students should be able to understand and interpret graphical representations associated with skill acquisition theories.

Sport and society

 Students should develop knowledge and understanding of the interaction between, and the evolution of, sport and society. Students should be able to understand, interpret and analyse data and graphs relating to participation in physical activity and sport. Students will study in depth the emergence of globalisation of sport in the 21st century.  In this section, students develop an understanding of popular and rational recreation leading to the emergence of modern sport through to the globalisation of sport in the 21st century and the impact of sport on society and of society on sport.

 

Factors affecting optimal performance in physical activity and sport

Section A: Exercise physiology and biomechanics Section B: Sport psychology Section C: Sport and society and technology in sport

Exercise physiology and Biomechanics

Throughout this module students will understand the adaptations to the body systems through training or lifestyle, and how these changes affect the efficiency of those systems. Students will study the following topics; Diet and nutrition and their effect on physical activity and performance, Preparation and training methods, Injury prevention and the rehabilitation of injury, biomechanical movement.

 Sport psychology

In this section students will develop knowledge and understanding of the role of sport psychology in optimising performance in physical activity and sport. Students should be able to understand and interpret graphical representations associated with sport psychology theories.

 Sport and society and the role of technology in physical activity and sport

 Students will develop knowledge and understanding of the interaction between, and the evolution of, sport and society and the technological developments in physical activity and sport. They will pay particular attention to the role of technology in physical activity and sport, understanding the types of and use of data analysis to optimise performance. In this section, students should be able to select and justify their selection of technology for analysis of physical activity and sport to optimise performance.

Practical performance in physical activity and sport

Students are assessed as a performer or coach in the full sided version of one activity and they have to produce an analysis of performance.

The Practical performance in physical activity aspect of the qualification requires students to develop their ability and aptitude in physical activity, demonstrating appropriate skills and techniques. Students are required to; perform a range of skills and techniques in physical activity and sport, make decisions, implement strategies, tactics and/or compositional ideas, and apply knowledge and understanding of rules and regulations while performing physical activity and sport,  apply knowledge and understanding of theories, concepts, principles and methods to physical activity and performance, evaluate performance in physical activity and sport, applying relevant knowledge and understanding.

GCSE

Exam Board – AQA Physical Education

The human body and movement in physical activity and sport

This unit is split into three sections of study.

  1. Applied anatomy and physiology where students will develop knowledge and understanding of the key body systems and how they impact on health, fitness and performance in physical activity and sport.
  2.  Movement analysis where students will develop knowledge and understanding of the basic principles of movement and their effect on performance in physical activity and sport.
  3.  Physical training where students will develop knowledge and understanding of the principles of training and different training methods in order to plan, carry out, monitor and evaluate personal exercise and training programmes.

Socio-cultural influences and well-being in physical activity and sport

This unit is split into three sections of study.

  1. Sports psychology aims to develop knowledge and understanding of the psychological factors that can affect performers in physical activity and sport.
  2. Socio-cultural Factors, develops knowledge and understanding of the socio-cultural factors that impact on physical activity and sport, and the impact of sport on society.
  3.  Health, fitness and wellbeing, develops knowledge and understanding of the benefits of participating in physical activity and sport to health, fitness and wellbeing.

The Use of data will be used throughout both sections and students will be required to develop key skills of data analysis in relation to key areas of physical activity and sport.

Practical performance in physical activity and sport

Practical performance in three different physical activities in the role of player/performer (one in a team activity, one in an individual activity and a third in either a team or in an individual activity).  Analysis and evaluation of performance to bring about improvement in one activity.

For each of their three activities, students will be assessed in skills in progressive drills (10 marks per activity) and in the full context (15 marks per activity). Students will be assessed on their analysis (15 marks) and evaluation (10 marks) of performance to bring about improvement in one activity.

KS3

Year 9

In year 9, students build on learning from year 7 and 8, they continue to be involved in a number of sports and physical activities. Students take an active role in fitness testing and develop knowledge and understanding about the importance of leading a healthy lifestyle. Students continue to develop their competitive spirt, fair play and team work skills. They also, build on vital skills such as, communication, leadership and confidence. Practical performances and theory elements continue to play a vital role in the student’s development.

Year 8

Students have the opportunity to take part in a number of sports such as; rugby, netball, basketball, football, trampolining, health related fitness, striking games, tennis and athletics, handball and table tennis. Theory continues to be incorporated into lessons where students are taught about the human body, the long term and short term effects exercise and the components of fitness and fitness testing. Students develop teamwork, communication, organisational and leadership skills and are encouraged to promote the sports clubs and participation.
 

Year 7

Promoting sport for all and developing a competitive spirit is a clear focus in year 7. Students are given the opportunity to take part in a number of different sports in a safe and encouraging environment. Students are taught that decision making is a key process in sports and mistakes are a major part of learning. Fair play, team work and hard work are celebrated. Throughout the year we encourage students to work on their practical performances and develop their theoretical understanding of sport and physical activity

 

Address

Sir Graham Balfour School
North Avenue
Stafford
ST16 1NR

For Sat Nav directions:

ST16 1NJ

Phone

01785 223490

Email

office@sirgrahambalfour.staffs.sch.uk